Tea planting began in the year of 1841 by Arthur Campbell who was a civil surgeon of Indian Medical Service when he was transferred to Darjeeling in the year of 1839 ,brought seeds of Camellia Sinensis or Chinese tea plant from Kumaun and started experimenting tea plantations in Darjeeling. Tea gardens visit is much more than finding out about tea production also finding out about a whole lifestyle from the time the plantations began.
Various Darjeeling tea terms like Bloom is referred to the silken sheen, silvery hairy luster on tea leaves resulting from the clear distribution of fine pubescences on the surface of the leaf. Bright describes infused leaves which give a bright color. Color is the definition representing the hue on the dry tea leaves. Even is used for infused leaves for the uniformity of size and color of the tea leaves. Nose or Point describes the fragrance of the infused leaves which has subtle hints of fruits or flowers. Stylish refers to dry tea leaves which are clearly twisted, wiry and evenly sized. Tippy is to the unopened buds on the tea bush transformed into silvery particles called Tips that provide an attractive appearance in the tea as its finishing touch.
Ambootia Tea Estate is one of the amazing bio-organic tea estates with century old plantation. Tea bushes at Cochrane Palace appear like lush green carpet along the slopes covered with misty valley. Including that Arya, Avongrove, Badamtam, Balasun, Castleton, Bannockburn, Barnesbeg, Chongtong, Chamong, Dalrus, Dooteriah, Ging, Giddapahar, Gielle, Glenburn, Gopaldhara, Goomtee, Hilton, Happy Valley, Jungpana, Jogpaya, Kanchan View, Kaley Valley, Longview, Lopchu, Lingia, Makaibari, Marybong, Margaret’s Hope, Mim, Mission Hill, Moondakotee, Namring, Nagri Farm, Orange Valley, Peshoke, Puttabong, Phuguri, Phoobsering, Poobong, Potong, Princeton, Pussimbing, and many more.
There is a Number of Heritage Tea Estates which has now developed as tourist destinations by providing amenities and comforts to the travelers. They offer unique experience to the tourist by a rare combination of hospitality and tradition. Some of the important tea tourism destinations are tadkah, Glenburn, Zurantee, Fagu etc.